In Part One of Home Cat Care, by Sandra Preston, R.N., Ph.D. provided an introduction on caring for a sick cat at home. In this post, she goes more in-depth on record keeping, temperature, relaxation and stress and weight changes.
KEEP RECORDS Keep a diary, in the form of a journal, and/or a calendar where you can write daily details regarding medications, treatments and related symptoms. Monitor your cat’s activity level, weight, appetite, and fluid intake. Is his or her temperature normal? Are bowel movements normal? Is there any vomiting? Does kitty appear nauseated (drools, no appetite )? When you talk with your veterinarian it is important to mention any abnormalities that exist.
Photo: Diane and Bruce Alexy
TEMPERATURE Become familiar with what is a normal body temperature for your cat. Cat temperature varies from cat to cat, therefore one temperature does not fit all cats. To determine what the normal temperature of your cat is, take the temperature on three different days when not ill, and then average the three readings to determine what is normal. A second way to do this is to ask your veterinarian to give you the temperature reading from the veterinary record for three different visits when your cat was NOT ill. Cat temperature is generally taken with a rectal reading. You can pick up a digital thermometer at any pharmacy that registers in 15 seconds ( it is important to find a quick registering thermometer to make this a quick procedure for your little one). When you are ready to take the temperature, first apply a tiny amount of vaseline to the tip of the thermometer, you can easily cuddle your kitty on your lap and insert just the thermometer tip into the anus. Also available, are the newer and more expensive ear canal thermometers, however, according to veterinarians they are not found to be as accurate. For cats that have conditions that include fever and require frequent temperature checks, a quick way to know if your cat has a fever is to feel the ears. Although not as accurate as using a thermometer, if kitty has cool ears he probably does not have a fever. Holly, a Bach Flower Remedy which is made from the essence of the holly flower is easy to administer and has no side effects. It is recommended in situations where there is fever. It can be given by placing a few drops on the inner lip, or it can be rubbed into the ear tip or on the paw pad. Bach flower remedies can be purchased at any health food store or online. To find more on Bach flower remedies you can read online.
Photo: Penilane Cattery
RELAXATION-KITTY STRESS CONTROL Should you have a kitty who does not like trips to the doctor, a product called Feliway, or Comfort Zone is available. The products have a cat pheromone which can be sprayed in the carrier before kitty enters to help him/her relax. Should your cat have to be hospitalized for any reason, bring this product and have staff spray the quarters where your cat will be residing. This has a very relaxing effect . There is also a Bach flower remedy, Rescue Remedy. This remedy is helpful with any if administered before travel , and can be used in any situation to reduce stress.
RECORDING WEIGHT CHANGES For the kitty who is not eating well, keeping a weight scale and a record of any weight gain or loss is imperative. To save frequent trips to your vet to monitor weight, the purchase of an appropriate scale can be helpful. The scale that you choose should measure not only in pounds, but also in ounces. Good choices are either a baby scale or a pet digital or analog scale that can be ordered online from a pet supply company. Most digital weight scales available for humans only measure in one half pound increments and are not precise enough to gauge your pets gain or loss.
Next we will discuss appetite issues.